Frequently asked questions

What is ‘CBD’?

CBD is the abbreviation of Cannabidiol. CBD is a cannabinoid and is one of 113 active cannabinoids identified in the Cannabis Sativa plant. Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. The family includes 170 species grouped in 11 groups and Cannabis is one of those groups. Cannabis Sativa is in the Cannabis group.

What is ‘Hemp’?

The 2014 farm bill defined hemp as the sativa plant from Cannabis, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.

What is ‘Cannabis’?

It is a plant of the Cannabaceae family and contains more than eighty biologically active chemical compounds. The most commonly known compounds are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

What is ‘Marijuana’?

It is any part of the flower buds and leaves of the female hemp plant, whether growing or not. THC is found throughout all of the aerial parts (leaves and flowers). In order for hemp to be defined as hemp, that is contained in a product used within the United States, the THC percentage must remain under 0.3%. Hemp growers use only the stalk when producing a product that is legally is defined as hemp.

What is the ‘Endocannabinoid’ System?

The Endocannabinoid system is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are lipid-based neurotransmitters that bind to receptors and receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous systems. The endocannabinoid system remains under preliminary research, but may be involved in regulating physiological and cognitive processes, including fertility, pregnancy, appetite, pain-sensation, mood, immunity and memory.

How does CBD work?

CBD interacts with the same receptors that are bound to the neurotransmitters associated with the Endocannabinoid System. CBD causes chemical changes by blocking receptors. It tends to have low affinity for both CB1 and CB2 receptors, and instead acts as an indirect antagonist of agonists. This means that CBD sits imperfectly inside the receptors, not activating them but supporting other chemical messengers from binding to them. Studies have shown that CBD may reduce the negative effects of certain medical conditions which include: Arthritis Anxiety Appetite Allergies & Itching Skin Conditions Cancer Fatty Tumors Glaucoma Inflammatory Bowel Disease Digestive issues Seizures & Epilepsy* Joints & Mobility Pain & Inflammation Noise Phobia *As of 2020, three Cannabis derived prescription medications have been approved by the FDA.

What is ‘THC’?

THC is the abbreviation of tetrahydrocannabinol which produces a psychoactive response when taken. THC is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in Cannabis. THC is the principal constituent of cannabis and is thought to be involved in the plant's self-defense against insects, ultraviolet light and environmental stress.

Does CBD have THC?

CBD and THC are two separate cannabinoids and one cannot contain the other. Each Cannabis plant type, such as Hemp and Marijuana, contain varying degrees of cannabinoids. Not all plant types contain THC, but all plant types contain CBD.

What does the term ‘Extraction’ mean?

It is the process of removing something by forcing it out. In terms of removing the oil from Cannabis plants, carbon dioxide, steam distillation, or hydrocarbon/natural solvents are the three methods that are used.

What is the definition of ‘Organic’?

In relation to farming a product can be called organic if it's certified to have grown on soil that had no prohibited substances applied for three years prior to harvest. Prohibited substances include most synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

What is the definition of ‘GMO’?

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques.

Is all CBD organic, additive-free or preservative-free?


What does ‘Third Party’ testing mean?

It is testing that has been completed from unbiased testing laboratory, that does not have a business, financial or other relationship to the product or company in question.

What is a ‘Certificate of Analysis’?

Often referred to as a ‘COA,’ it is an authenticated document that presents the analytical results of a specific test on a product specific batch or lot.

What does ‘Vegan’ mean?

Vegan refers to anything that does not contain a product that is directly or indirectly associated with the life of an animal.

What does ‘MCT’ oil mean?

Medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) are triglycerides with two or three fatty acids having an aliphatic tail of 6–12 carbon atoms. Pure cannabis oil is extremely potent. MCTs such as coconut oil are added to dilute the end product, making it easier to dose.

What does ‘Full Spectrum’ mean?

A product derived from the Cannabis plant, that contain trace amounts of minor cannabinoids, cannabis oil, and very low or zero amounts of THC (less than 0.3%).

What does ‘Broad Spectrum’ mean?

A product derived from the Cannabis plant, that contains moderate amounts of cannabinoids, cannabis oil, and very low or zero amounts of THC (less than 0.3%).

What does the ‘Entourage Effect’ mean?

An ‘Entourage Effect’ is also known as a synergistic effect. Synergy occurs when the interaction of two or more substances produces a combined effect, greater than the sum of their separate effects.

What does ‘Isolate’ mean?

Isolate refers to the oil derived from the Cannabis plant that does not contain cannabinoids or terpene.

What does a ‘Schedule 1’ drug category refer to?

They are substances, or chemicals defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule I drugs are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), methaqualone, and peyote. *Because the FDA has approved three Cannabis-derived prescription medications, the Federal Government is currently evaluating Cannabis as it does have accepted medical use.

What is the Federal Law regarding the use of Cannabis products?

The use, sale, and possession of cannabis over 0.3% THC in the United states, despite state laws, is illegal under federal law. As a Schedule I drug, under the federal Controlled Substance Act of 1970, any medicine or supplement that has no accepted medical use and has a high potential for abuse and physical or psychological dependence is considered a Schedule I drug. Prior to December 2018, it was illegal to grow hemp in the U.S. In December 2018, the Hemp Farming Act was included in the 2018 Farm Bill and passed.

Why can’t Veterinarians discuss the use of Cannabis, when consulting with the owner of a patient?

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and Veterinary Medical Examiners (VME) restricts what Veterinarians can prescribe, dispense or recommend in terms of Cannabis products. Hemp is in the Cannabis family of plants and although Hemp is legal in all 50 states, the AVMA and VME will not allow Veterinarians to use or recommend a substance within this class of plants. Veterinarians have urged the AVME and VME to lift restrictions concerning pet CBD due to the increase of clinical trials and research in this area, as well as the increase of pet owners seeking guidance. In 2018, California’s governor signed into law Assembly Bill 2215. The bill prohibits the Veterinary Medical Board from disciplining, or denying, revoking, or suspending the license of a licensed Veterinarian solely for discussing the use of Cannabis for medicinal purposes. I used the following sources to obtain the information used in this article: USFDA.gov Merriam-Webster Dictionary Chemical and Engineering News Wikipedia Health.Harvard.edu Veterinary Medical Board Alcohol and Drug Foundation


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